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解决农业生产‘谁来种、种什么、怎么种’
双击自动滚屏 发布者:doppost.com  发布时间:2013/11/6  阅读:128317次 【字体:

  【紫薯供应】据农业部统计,2012年全国共完成农机社会化服务面积接近40亿亩,占全国农机化作业总面积的2/3左右。调查显示,农机社会化服务已成为农民满意的农业社会化服务内容。为进一步促进农机社会化服务发展,农业部日前首次出台了《关于推进农机社会化服务的意见》(以下简称《意见》),20多天来,《意见》中的亮点和“含金量”在业界引起广泛关注和热烈讨论。

  首次以农业部名义(yi)发布相(xiang)关(guan)意见(jian)

  提(ti)起农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)社(she)会(hui)化服(fu)(fu)(fu)务,人(ren)们大(da)多会(hui)直观地(di)(di)想到合作社(she)或者(zhe)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)公司(si)为农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民提(ti)供代耕、代播、代收等服(fu)(fu)(fu)务,还有农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)药、化肥、种子(zi)等农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)资产品(pin)。其(qi)(qi)实,这只是(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)社(she)会(hui)化服(fu)(fu)(fu)务的(de)一部分内容(rong),其(qi)(qi)内涵远比人(ren)们通常(chang)认为的(de)宽泛。为明(ming)确(que)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)社(she)会(hui)化服(fu)(fu)(fu)务的(de)概(gai)念和(he)范畴(chou),在(zai)(zai)《意见》中,农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)部首(shou)次(ci)做出了(le)明(ming)确(que)定义,认为农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)社(she)会(hui)化服(fu)(fu)(fu)务是(shi)(shi)(shi)指农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)服(fu)(fu)(fu)务组织、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)户为其(qi)(qi)他农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)生产者(zhe)提(ti)供的(de)机(ji)(ji)耕、机(ji)(ji)播、机(ji)(ji)收、排(pai)灌、植(zhi)保等各类农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)作业(ye)服(fu)(fu)(fu)务,以及(ji)相关(guan)的(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)维(wei)修、供应、中介、租赁等有偿服(fu)(fu)(fu)务的(de)总称(cheng)。“这个(ge)定义是(shi)(shi)(shi)我们经(jing)过反(fan)复推敲,在(zai)(zai)总结各地(di)(di)多次(ci)调研的(de)基础上产生的(de)。”农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)部农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)机(ji)(ji)械化管(guan)理司(si)生产管(guan)理处处长李斯华说。

  为什么选择在近期首(shou)次推(tui)出该《意见(jian)》,掀起(qi)新一轮发展农机社(she)会化服务(wu)的高潮(chao)呢?

  “推(tui)进农机(ji)社会(hui)化(hua)(hua)服(fu)务(wu)(wu),是解决农业生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)‘谁来种(zhong)、种(zhong)什么(me)、怎么(me)种(zhong)’重大问(wen)题(ti)的(de)(de)(de)现实(shi)途(tu)径(jing),也(ye)是实(shi)现农业机(ji)械化(hua)(hua)‘全程、全面、高(gao)质、高(gao)效’发(fa)展的(de)(de)(de)必(bi)然要求(qiu)。”李斯华(hua)表示(shi),“农机(ji)大户、农机(ji)合(he)作社等农机(ji)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)组(zu)织整合(he)了劳动力(li)、装备、技术(shu)、人才等生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)要素,为农业生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)提(ti)供了现代物质装备支撑,推(tui)动了农业生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)由(you)粗(cu)放经(jing)营(ying)(ying)向集约化(hua)(hua)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)、由(you)兼业经(jing)营(ying)(ying)向专业化(hua)(hua)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)、由(you)分散经(jing)营(ying)(ying)向组(zu)织化(hua)(hua)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)的(de)(de)(de)转变。开展农机(ji)社会(hui)化(hua)(hua)服(fu)务(wu)(wu),既可(ke)让分散经(jing)营(ying)(ying)的(de)(de)(de)一(yi)(yi)家(jia)一(yi)(yi)户享受到机(ji)械化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)便(bian)利,也(ye)可(ke)让规模经(jing)营(ying)(ying)的(de)(de)(de)家(jia)庭(ting)农场、农民合(he)作社解决劳动生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)率(lv)的(de)(de)(de)瓶颈难(nan)题(ti)。”

  中国农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)流通协会(hui)副秘书长张华光(guang)认为,《意(yi)见》是在(zai)我国农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)化(hua)(hua)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)进(jin)入转型(xing)深水区(qu)发(fa)(fa)布的(de)(de),即在(zai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业的(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)模式上(shang)(shang),将(jiang)由(you)依靠化(hua)(hua)肥、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)药提(ti)升粮(liang)食产量向(xiang)依靠良种、机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)化(hua)(hua)方(fang)(fang)向(xiang)转移(yi);在(zai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)化(hua)(hua)横向(xiang)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)上(shang)(shang),将(jiang)由(you)粮(liang)食作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)物(wu)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)化(hua)(hua)向(xiang)经(jing)济(ji)(ji)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)物(wu)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)化(hua)(hua)方(fang)(fang)向(xiang)拓(tuo)展(zhan);在(zai)纵(zong)向(xiang)上(shang)(shang),将(jiang)由(you)耕种收(shou)环节(jie)向(xiang)收(shou)获后处理包括烘干、贮藏、加工(gong)等方(fang)(fang)向(xiang)推(tui)进(jin);在(zai)区(qu)域上(shang)(shang),由(you)平原地带向(xiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)化(hua)(hua)水平薄弱(ruo)的(de)(de)山区(qu)、丘(qiu)陵地区(qu)进(jin)军;在(zai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)化(hua)(hua)增长质量上(shang)(shang),由(you)过(guo)去依靠中小(xiao)型(xing)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)为主逐步(bu)向(xiang)高端、大型(xing)、复式作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)业等方(fang)(fang)向(xiang)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)。“要完成这些转型(xing),单靠分(fen)散的(de)(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)个体是无法完成的(de)(de),必须(xu)大力(li)推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)社会(hui)化(hua)(hua)服务(wu)(wu),依靠农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)合作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)社、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)大户、专业化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)跨(kua)区(qu)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)业有效(xiao)推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)化(hua)(hua)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan),依靠农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)服务(wu)(wu)组织的(de)(de)先进(jin)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)和服务(wu)(wu)能力(li),推(tui)进(jin)经(jing)济(ji)(ji)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)物(wu)的(de)(de)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)化(hua)(hua)水平提(ti)升。”张华光(guang)说。

  “从中国(guo)特色的(de)农机(ji)化(hua)道路来看,我国(guo)农民户(hu)均耕地只有(you)7.8亩,不(bu)及欧盟国(guo)家(jia)的(de)l/40、美国(guo)的(de)1/400,解(jie)决(jue)好农户(hu)一家(jia)一户(hu)小规模生产和(he)机(ji)械化(hua)大(da)规模作业之间的(de)矛盾,必须依靠社会化(hua)服务。”农业部南京农业机(ji)械化(hua)研究所科(ke)技管(guan)理处处长曹光乔表(biao)示。

  截至2012年底,全(quan)国农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)服(fu)务(wu)组(zu)织及农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)户达16.7万(wan)个,作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)收入(ru)4180亿(yi)元,社会化(hua)服(fu)务(wu)蓬勃发展逐步成(cheng)为(wei)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)化(hua)的(de)突出亮点。此外,在(zai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)购置补贴政(zheng)策(ce)带动(dong)下,农(nong)(nong)(nong)村新添置了大(da)量(liang)大(da)型复式作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)装备(bei)。“在(zai)这(zhei)种情况下,如何通过制度(du)创新,激活农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)存量(liang)资(zi)源,提高农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)具使用效(xiao)率和经济效(xiao)益,成(cheng)为(wei)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)化(hua)管理部门(men)的(de)新课题。”曹光乔说。

  鼓励(li)农机合作(zuo)社流转承(cheng)包土地

  记者注意到,《意见》中提出(chu),鼓励一部分具有实力的农(nong)机(ji)合作社(she)流转承包土地,开展(zhan)包括粮(liang)食烘(hong)干、农(nong)产品(pin)加工等在内的“一条龙(long)”农(nong)机(ji)作业(ye)服务(wu)项目,成为既提供农(nong)机(ji)作业(ye)服务(wu)又从事农(nong)业(ye)生产经营的“双主体”。

  鼓(gu)励农(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)合作(zuo)(zuo)社承包土(tu)(tu)地(di)的政策导向(xiang),是(shi)加(jia)快土(tu)(tu)地(di)流转,迈(mai)向(xiang)土(tu)(tu)地(di)规模化(hua)、集(ji)约化(hua)经营(ying)之(zhi)路的重要举措。“这是(shi)一个很好的信(xin)号。农(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)合作(zuo)(zuo)社承包土(tu)(tu)地(di),可以避免大量农(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)的重复购置,提高机(ji)(ji)(ji)械利用率,也(ye)延(yan)伸了农(nong)业(ye)产(chan)业(ye)链;土(tu)(tu)地(di)流转后(hou)实(shi)行统一连片种植,可降(jiang)低农(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)成本,也(ye)更容易实(shi)现良(liang)(liang)种、良(liang)(liang)法、良(liang)(liang)田(tian)与农(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)融合,保障农(nong)业(ye)综合生产(chan)能力。”曹光乔说。

  而对(dui)于农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)合作(zuo)社未来的(de)(de)“双(shuang)主(zhu)体”身份,天津市农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)机(ji)械管理办公室(shi)副(fu)主(zhu)任胡伟(wei)认为,以(yi)后的(de)(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)合作(zuo)组(zu)织应(ying)该是综(zong)合性的(de)(de)。单(dan)一功能服务(wu)组(zu)织应(ying)对(dui)发展风险能力相对(dui)薄弱,同时,综(zong)合性生产服务(wu)组(zu)织有(you)利于推广农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)艺融合,有(you)利于新技术(shu)的(de)(de)采用,更能够从生产模(mo)式(shi)上解决(jue)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)发展的(de)(de)问题。

  “‘双主体(ti)’政策导向符合(he)(he)农机(ji)合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社由单一(yi)服务(wu)(wu)型(xing)向‘服务(wu)(wu)+生(sheng)(sheng)产’综(zong)合(he)(he)型(xing)转变的(de)市场(chang)要求(qiu)。”曹光乔说,“近年(nian)来(lai),各地农机(ji)保有量快速增加,单靠(kao)提供本(ben)地与跨区作(zuo)(zuo)业服务(wu)(wu),难以保证合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社持续(xu)良性发展。加之近年(nian)来(lai)各级鼓励土地流转集中和(he)适度规模经营,不(bu)少合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社敏锐(rui)地抓住了这一(yi)机(ji)遇,成为服务(wu)(wu)与生(sheng)(sheng)产的(de)‘双主体(ti)’,应(ying)加强引导和(he)扶(fu)持。”

  张(zhang)华光也认同农(nong)(nong)机合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)社(she)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)为重要(yao)的社(she)会化(hua)服(fu)务(wu)组织,随着规模的不断发(fa)展壮(zhuang)大,对农(nong)(nong)村的影(ying)响力(li)会变(bian)得更加强大。赋(fu)予农(nong)(nong)机合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)社(she)“双主体”身(shen)份,一方面可以(yi)(yi)以(yi)(yi)提供农(nong)(nong)机作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)业服(fu)务(wu)主体的身(shen)份,通过跨(kua)区作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)业等(deng)方式,带动落后(hou)区域农(nong)(nong)机化(hua)水平的提升(sheng),同时增加其(qi)服(fu)务(wu)收入(ru);另一方面,作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)为农(nong)(nong)业生产(chan)经营主体,可以(yi)(yi)更充(chong)分地(di)发(fa)挥其(qi)农(nong)(nong)机具(ju)、资金、技术等(deng)优势。

  “《意见》对农(nong)(nong)机合(he)(he)作(zuo)社建(jian)(jian)(jian)设的(de)多元化(hua)进(jin)行(xing)了充分肯定(ding)。同(tong)时(shi),提(ti)出(chu)了农(nong)(nong)机合(he)(he)作(zuo)社由专一的(de)农(nong)(nong)机作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)服(fu)务向种(zhong)植(zhi)、养殖领域的(de)相互融合(he)(he)问题,今后的(de)农(nong)(nong)机合(he)(he)作(zuo)社将是更加综合(he)(he)的(de)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)服(fu)务组织,对提(ti)高生(sheng)产(chan)能力(li)有重大(da)意义。”胡(hu)伟说,“同(tong)时(shi),《意见》提(ti)出(chu)的(de)要建(jian)(jian)(jian)立相关行(xing)为规范和技术(shu)标准,有利于规范农(nong)(nong)机合(he)(he)作(zuo)社的(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设,用标准化(hua)的(de)模(mo)(mo)式开展生(sheng)产(chan),使(shi)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)生(sheng)产(chan)向工业(ye)(ye)化(hua)模(mo)(mo)式更进(jin)一步,值得期待。”

  争(zheng)取将相关投(tou)入纳入地(di)方财政预算(suan)

  一直以来(lai),贷(dai)款融(rong)(rong)资(zi)难(nan)都是制(zhi)约农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)服(fu)务组织(zhi)发(fa)展(zhan)的重要瓶颈。《意见(jian)》中(zhong)提到,要争取将扶持(chi)(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)社(she)会化(hua)服(fu)务的投入(ru)(ru)(ru)纳(na)入(ru)(ru)(ru)地方(fang)财政(zheng)预算,建立稳(wen)定的投入(ru)(ru)(ru)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)。对此(ci),曹(cao)光(guang)乔表示,农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)合作(zuo)(zuo)社(she)作(zuo)(zuo)为生产服(fu)务型合作(zuo)(zuo)社(she),资(zi)产购买资(zi)金(jin)需求较大,将扶持(chi)(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)社(she)会化(hua)服(fu)务的投入(ru)(ru)(ru)纳(na)入(ru)(ru)(ru)地方(fang)财政(zheng)预算,能够建立长效的资(zi)金(jin)投入(ru)(ru)(ru)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi),也能带(dai)动工(gong)商资(zi)本(ben)对农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)化(hua)的投入(ru)(ru)(ru),促(cu)进解决农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)合作(zuo)(zuo)社(she)等社(she)会化(hua)服(fu)务组织(zhi)融(rong)(rong)资(zi)难(nan)问题。农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)化(hua)财政(zheng)、金(jin)融(rong)(rong)及保险(xian)等扶持(chi)(chi)政(zheng)策(ce)综合应用,是日本(ben)、韩国(guo)(guo)等农(nong)(nong)(nong)业发(fa)达国(guo)(guo)家扶持(chi)(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)化(hua)的普(pu)遍做法(fa)。

  “这条政(zheng)策抓住(zhu)了农(nong)机社(she)会化服务能否终(zhong)顺利(li)推进(jin)的(de)(de)至关重要的(de)(de)核(he)心问题。”张华光强调(diao)说,“农(nong)机社(she)会化服务是一(yi)项长(zhang)期而庞大的(de)(de)系统工程,不能仅仅依靠中央财政(zheng)的(de)(de)支持,必(bi)须调(diao)动地方、民间(jian)资本的(de)(de)共(gong)同投入,构建一(yi)个多(duo)元化的(de)(de)社(she)会投资机制。”

  今年,我(wo)国大部分省(sheng)份实(shi)行了农(nong)机购(gou)(gou)置补(bu)贴机具“全价购(gou)(gou)机”。与差额购(gou)(gou)机相比,“全价购(gou)(gou)机”大幅降低了套取(qu)购(gou)(gou)机补(bu)贴资(zi)金的可能性,但同时,也使得(de)农(nong)户购(gou)(gou)机的资(zi)金垫(dian)付压力有(you)所增加。针对这种情况,《意见》提(ti)出(chu)鼓励(li)引导农(nong)机社会化(hua)服务组织发展,争(zheng)取(qu)金融机构为(wei)其提(ti)供融资(zi)贷(dai)款(kuan)支持。

  实(shi)行“全价购机”后,各地金(jin)融(rong)部门(men)已(yi)就(jiu)如何(he)支持农户购机进行了(le)一些(xie)有益(yi)尝试。“尤其是农村(cun)(cun)金(jin)融(rong)机构乃(nai)至(zhi)保(bao)险机构,应该认(ren)真分析研究广(guang)大农村(cun)(cun)的金(jin)融(rong)市场供(gong)求规律,不断创新金(jin)融(rong)品(pin)种和拓宽金(jin)融(rong)服务领域,千(qian)方(fang)百计满足购机农民对(dui)资(zi)金(jin)的需求。在支持的方(fang)式方(fang)法上(shang),金(jin)融(rong)部门(men)要(yao)与农机生产(chan)与流通(tong)企业加强(qiang)合作,通(tong)过(guo)提供(gong)贷款、金(jin)融(rong)保(bao)险、担保(bao)等(deng)方(fang)式,以解(jie)决实(shi)行‘全价购机’后消费者(zhe)购买力不足、不愿垫付(fu)补贴(tie)资(zi)金(jin)等(deng)问题。”张(zhang)华光说。

  调查显示,当前农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)社会化服务组织普遍(bian)存在资金(jin)短缺问(wen)题,与(yu)许(xu)多银行(xing)愿意接受(shou)不(bu)(bu)(bu)动产作为(wei)贷款抵押,而不(bu)(bu)(bu)习(xi)惯或不(bu)(bu)(bu)愿用(yong)农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)具(ju)(ju)作为(wei)抵押有直接关系。对此,李斯华分析(xi)建(jian)议:“不(bu)(bu)(bu)少(shao)银行(xing)不(bu)(bu)(bu)想接受(shou)以(yi)农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)具(ju)(ju)作为(wei)抵押给合作社提(ti)供(gong)(gong)贷款,是(shi)因为(wei)担心农(nong)(nong)民的信用(yong)问(wen)题。其实绝大多数农(nong)(nong)民是(shi)非常讲信用(yong)的,各(ge)地农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)化主(zhu)管部(bu)门可(ke)以(yi)为(wei)农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)合作社提(ti)供(gong)(gong)某种形(xing)式的担保(bao),帮助(zhu)合作社解决贷款难(nan)问(wen)题。江苏(su)在这方(fang)面作出了有益探索(suo),该省财政专(zhuan)门拿(na)出一部(bu)分资金(jin),为(wei)达到一定规模的农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)合作社提(ti)供(gong)(gong)贷款担保(bao)。”

  其实除资金外,农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)社会(hui)(hui)化服务(wu)(wu)组织发展(zhan)还面临着几大(da)(da)(da)瓶颈:缺(que)地、缺(que)人(ren)、缺(que)维(wei)修(xiu)等(deng)(deng)(deng)。“这(zhei)就(jiu)迫切需要我们加大(da)(da)(da)发展(zhan)新型服务(wu)(wu)主体(ti)力度,有(you)些地区已经在进行探索(suo)。如(ru)山东(dong)将农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)社会(hui)(hui)化服务(wu)(wu)收(shou)入(ru)纳入(ru)了考核体(ti)系,各类财政补贴向农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)大(da)(da)(da)户、农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)社会(hui)(hui)化服务(wu)(wu)组织倾斜。再如(ru),浙江(jiang)宁波(bo)出台(tai)政策吸引(yin)大(da)(da)(da)学生进入(ru)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)合作(zuo)社工作(zuo)。下一(yi)(yi)步,农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)部想(xiang)利用移动互联(lian)、卫星定位等(deng)(deng)(deng)手段,探索(suo)建立(li)全国农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)跨区作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)服务(wu)(wu)平(ping)台(tai),在这(zhei)个(ge)平(ping)台(tai)上为农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)服务(wu)(wu)的供需双方提(ti)供作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)价格、机(ji)具位置(zhi)、作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)质(zhi)量等(deng)(deng)(deng)信(xin)(xin)息,用户通过智(zhi)能(neng)手机(ji)可(ke)以(yi)随(sui)时(shi)接收(shou)相关信(xin)(xin)息。另外,我们还想(xiang)建立(li)一(yi)(yi)张农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)‘地图(tu)’,在上面标明(ming)哪里有(you)空车空机(ji)等(deng)(deng)(deng)信(xin)(xin)息,农(nong)(nong)(nong)户可(ke)就(jiu)近预约开展(zhan)作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),这(zhei)样能(neng)培育作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)市(shi)场,提(ti)高农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)服务(wu)(wu)水平(ping)。”李斯华(hua)说。(





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